You Are Where You Live

New nationwide data released by the Census Bureau, in collaboration with researchers at Harvard University and Brown University, shows that the neighborhoods in which children grow up matter greatly to their future well being. The research, which predicts outcomes for children in each census tract, builds on previously released findings at the county level.

Nationwide, there are large disparities in outcomes between children raised in poor families (those whose household income is at the 25th percentile of the national income distribution) in some of the nation’s largest urban areas (e.g. Chicago, the Bronx, low-income neighborhoods in Manhattan, etc) and children raised in poor families in larger cities and other suburban counties. For example, children raised in low-income families in the Minneapolis suburbs end up making four times more in adulthood than children raised in low-income households in some Memphis neighborhoods.

But local disparities between what seem like similar neighborhoods is striking for policymakers. Even within Ann Arbor, children who grew up in poor families around parts of Elm Street and Hill Street are expected to earn about $54,000 a year in their adult households, whereas in the neighborhoring tract, which covers parts of Packard Street and South State Street, children who grew up in low-income households are expected to earn about $26,000 a year in their adult households. The big takeaway: children’s immediate environments (as close as within half a mile of a child’s home) affect a range of their adult outcomes such as income, incarceration rate, teenage pregnancy and college graduation.


The census tract-level atlas of children’s outcomes was constructed using de-identified data from the 2000 and 2010 Censuses linked to data from federal income tax returns and the 2005- 2015 American Community Surveys (ACS). Focusing on approximately 20.5 million children born between 1978 - 1983 in the United States and authorized childhood immigrants from the same cohorts, the researchers obtained information on their income, parental characteristics, where they grew up, and other variables. Many of the children have since moved away, but the researchers map their outcomes back to the census tracts where they grew up. To account for children who grew up in more than a single census tract, children are assigned weights according to the fraction of their childhood spent in each tract.

The researchers argue that the study allows policymakers to identify areas that are likely to produce good outcomes for the children who grow up there; areas where there are high opportunities for upward mobility. Interestingly, the researchers believe that the variation in outcome is driven by the neighborhoods themselves, not by differences in what brings people to live in them (e.g. low-income families clustering in the same neighborhoods). Assuming their model holds, this map could help policy makers identify high-opportunity areas to channel government programs (such as Head Start centers) or community grants, instead of just channeling funding to areas where neighborhood poverty is prevalent. The Seattle and King County housing authorities are hoping to use housing voucher programs to move families to where they believe opportunity already exists.

Further reading:

Eunice Yau

7 comments :

  1. Packers and Movers Pune Provide High Quality ***Household Shifting, Home/Office Relocation, Insurance, Packing, Loading, ###Car Transportation Service Pune and High experiences, Top Rated, Safe and Reliable, Best and Secure Packers and Movers Pune Team List. Get ✔✔✔ Affordable Rate Charts and Compare Quotation and Save Money and Time .
    Packers And Movers Pune

    ReplyDelete
  2. Our services is widely spread across India. We are one of the most safe and reliable Packers and Movers in Pune because we take pride in delivering the best of house shifting services, office shifting services at a most affordable charges. If you need a trustworthy Movers and Packers in Pune who can safely shift your household items which is easy on your pockets, we are always ready to serve you.
    Packers and Movers in Dhankawadi
    Packers and Movers in Bibvewadi
    Packers and Movers in Lulla Nagar
    Packers and Movers in Kondhwa
    Packers and Movers in Ghorpadi
    movers and packers in hyderabad
    packers and movers in hyderabad charges
    Cheapest packers and movers in Hyderabad
    packers and movers hyderabad sitemap

    ReplyDelete


  3. شركة تنظيف سجاد بمكة شركة غسيل سجاد بمكة
    شركة تنظيف سجاد بالمدينة المنورة شركة غسيل سجاد بالمدينة المنورة
    شركة تنظيف سجاد بالدمام شركة غسيل سجاد بالدمام
    شركة غسيل سجاد بجدة

    ReplyDelete
  4. Packers and Movers Pune


    Book Best and Verified packers and movers in Pune, Expert in Home Relocation within or outside Pune. Compare 3 quotes from nearby packers and movers in Pune. Get 100% safe & affordable packing moving from Professional Packers and Movers.


    Packers and Movers Pune

    ReplyDelete
  5. Binance customer support number for Any Issue.

    On the off chance that you have issues to work with the Binance account, at that point call at the Binance Support Number +1856(558) 9404.You will be given the best goals constantly so talk with the help folks and get best assistance without a doubt You will be helped with the valuable arrangements in critical moment so contact with the help group and tackle a wide range of bulky issues in a matter of seconds. You will be furnished with the immense assortment of administrations constantly so talk with the help group and dispose of numerous deterrents in the briefest time pause. Site Visit:- https://www.numbersonweb.com/crypto-exchanges/binance-support-number/

    ReplyDelete
  6. Blockchain and so on wallet issue |Blockchain Support +1{(856)-558-9404}

    Do you face any issue with Blockchain wallet. because of some of the reasons your Blockchain wallet continue changing your, etc solidness, this is as of now to be had on your Blockchain wallet. It's a not surprising inconvenience or it can be faced by means of different clients additionally. They imagined that what is better, etc wallet. that inconvenience can make immense inconvenience among them because of switch of all, etc to Blockchain pockets. in the event that you truly need to utilize this wallet and attempt to search out the issue you truly approach Blockchain Support number +1(856 558-9404) and educate them regarding your Blockchain pockets issue. Our gathering generally prepared to support you. not too bad site go to directly here-https://www.numbersonweb.com/crypto-wallets/blockchain-support-number/

    ReplyDelete
  7. How to Sign in to Enjin CMS Support.

    Do you want to get involved and help out? Here is the section detailing ways to help out. Get involve in Billing. For personal billing requests. contact Enjin Wallet Support Number +1(855)-435-9790 The Enjin wallet now features a fast, flexible browser providing users with a seamless blockchain-integrated browsing experience. Enjin wallet the most secure mobile wallet in the world. more infomcation visit here: https://www.atozaltcoins.com/e/enjin-wallet-support-number/

    ReplyDelete