These attitudes are strongly correlated with partisanship and income. Large majorities of Democrats, Liberals, and those with incomes below $30,000 believe that wealth distribution is unfair.
Fifty-two percent of Americans believe that a better wealth distribution can be achieved by taxing the rich more heavily. This number has increased steadily over the last 75 years: in 1940, 35 percent supported taxing the rich more, while 54 percent opposed this idea.
"Analyzing how Americans respond to both questions about inequality shows that nearly half of Americans (46%) are strong redistributionists -- in the sense that they believe the distribution of wealth and income is not fair, and endorse heavy taxes on the rich as a way of redistributing wealth. One in four are in essence free-market advocates -- sanguine about the distribution of wealth and income and not supporting heavy taxes on the rich. Another 16% say the income and wealth distribution is not fair, but don't endorse heavy taxes as a remedy. A small percentage have the somewhat contradictory views of believing that the distribution is fair but favoring heavy taxes on the rich."
Wealth Inequality in America (http://www.teachingwithdata.org/resource/3922)
Interacting with America (http://www.teachingwithdata.org/resource/3041)
Studies in Income and Wealth (http://www.teachingwithdata.org/resource/3255)
Social Class and Attitudes about Inequality: A Data-Driven Learning Guide (http://www.teachingwithdata.org/resource/3459)
Income Inequality In the United States (http://www.teachingwithdata.org/resource/3182)