Friday, April 29, 2011
While public support or offshore drilling has been increasing, support for increased nuclear power has been declining. According to poll results from The Pew Research Center, 39% were in favor of increased nuclear power use last month, which is down from 47% in favor last October. This decline in support could be correlated with the ongoing nuclear emergency in Japan.
Pew Center on the States, Opposition to Nuclear Power Rises Amid Japanese Crisis, Support for Offshore Oil and Gas Drilling Rebounds (Washington, DC: The Pew Charitable Trusts, March 2011).
Posted by Brittany
Wednesday, April 27, 2011
Earlier this month the Pew Center on the States released State of Recidivism: The Revolving Door of America’s Prisons, a comprehensive report on trends in state recidivism rates. A recidivism rate refers to the proportion of individuals released from prison that are rearrested, reconvicted, or returned to prison within a specified time period. Offenses which result in a return to prison fall into one of two categories: 1) committing a new crime and subsequently receiving a new conviction or 2) violating a technical condition of supervision, such as failing to report to one’s parole or probation officer. Overall, more than four in ten offenders are returned to prison within three years of being released. Thirty-three states reported data for both 1999 and 2004; 17 states reported a decrease in recidivism rates over the five-year period and 15 states reported an increase. Rates in Oregon fell more than rates in any other state, reporting a 31.9 percent decrease. Overall, general recidivism rates showed little variation over the five years, with 45.4 percent for individuals released in 1999 and 43.3 percent for those released in 2004. The report vocalizes a need for improving supervision, citing that although crime rates continue to decline, the rates of reincarceration for committing a new crime increased by 11.9 percent over the five-year period. This increase is somewhat balanced out by the 17.7 percent drop in the rate of offenders reincarcerated for technical violations.
Pew Center on the States and those involved in publishing this report caution readers not to compare recidivism rates across states. There are many variables between different states that might affect recidivism rates differently; rates cannot be used as an accurate way of comparing the success of states’ respective corrections agencies. Pew worked with two opinion research firms, Public Opinion Strategies and Benson Strategy Group, to measure public opinion about recidivism.
Voters were most concerned with public safety and protection, advocating that a better job needs to be done in making sure that persons who are released are less likely to commit crimes. Voters showed strong support for reducing the length of incarceration for nonviolent prisoners who participate in programs that may help to reduce recidivism, such as substance abuse treatment programs. Voters also supported shorter sentences for nonviolent inmates who demonstrate good behavior and are at minimal risk of reoffending.
See full report 1,200 registered voters were interviewed by phone on March 7-14, 2010. Results have a margin of error of ±2.83%.
Pew Center on the States, State of Recidivism: The Revolving Door of America’s Prisons (Washington, DC: The Pew Charitable Trusts, April 2011).
Posted by JVSF
Tommaso Pavone won the first-place award in the Undergraduate Competition with his paper "Do More Parties Make for Happier Voters?" which can be viewed at: http://www.icpsr.umich.edu/files/ICPSR/prize/pavone.pdf . Pavone, a student at the University of Michigan, conducted a cross-national analysis of public opinion data from 36 democracies to study whether more political parties correlates to higher voter satisfaction.
The second-place undergraduate winner was Erin McMichael of California State University - Northridge, whose paper is titled "External versus Internal Motivators as Predictors for LGBTQ-Directed Bullying Behavior in Adolescents," which is available here: http://www.icpsr.umich.edu/files/ICPSR/prize/mcmichael.pdf .
Sayon Deb of Boston University won first place in the Master's Competition with his paper "The Long Term Effects of Colonial Land Tenure: Micro Evidence from India" which can be accessed here: http://www.icpsr.umich.edu/files/ICPSR/prize/deb.pdf . The paper uses household survey data from India to examine the impact of historic land tenure institutions on economic and social outcomes for households today.
Douglas Rice of Pennsylvania State University won second place in the Master's Competition for his paper "The Impact of Supreme Court Activity on the Judicial Agenda: Calling to Action or Settling the Law." The paper is available through ICPSR: http://www.icpsr.umich.edu/files/ICPSR/prize/rice.pdf .
The winner of the Resource Center for Minority Data Paper Competition was Whitney Boyer of Washington University in St. Louis for the paper titled "Educational Outcomes for Latino Immigrants in Los Angeles County: The Importance of Gender, Immigrant Generation, and Mother's Educational Level," which is viewable at this url: http://www.icpsr.umich.edu/files/ICPSR/prize/Boyer.pdf. The RCMD archive can be accessed here: http://www.icpsr.umich.edu/icpsrweb/RCMD/ .
The first-place winners received $1,000; the second-place prize is $750. All the papers used data from the ICPSR or RCMD archive.
ICPSR is holding three competitions this year:
•The ICPSR Research Paper Competition, for analyses on any topic using data from the ICPSR General Archive or Thematic Collections.
•The IFSS Research Paper Competition, for analyses on any topic using data from the Integrated Fertility Survey Series.
•The RCMD Research Paper Competition, for analyses on issues relating to minorities in the United States, including immigrants, using data from the Resource Center for Minority Data.
All competitions are open to undergraduate and master's students, and recent graduates. Deadline for submissions is January 31, 2012.
Full details on the 2012 Research Paper Competition can be seen here: http://www.icpsr.umich.edu/icpsrweb/content/ICPSR/prize/index.html .
Tuesday, April 26, 2011
Monday, April 25, 2011
The study used a computer based survey in which personal information was collected and aggregated by a computer, thus preventing any interviewer from learning information about any specific interviewee. This technique yielded a 75% response rate, higher than the response rate for most surveys using face-to-face interviews. The drawback, however, is that there was still a 25% non-response rate. This figure is big enough such that the data could be severely skewed if the individuals who failed to respond differ notably from those who answered. he bottom line, however, is that this technique appears more reliable than collecting data from methods employing face-to-face interviews.
Apart from its methodology, the new survey is also notable for its results. For, contrary to conventional wisdom, young people are having substantially less sex than those a few years ago. In the recent survey, 29% of men and 27% of women aged 15 to 24 never had sexual contact (including oral and anal as well as vaginal sex). In 2002, just 23% of older teens and young adults never had sex.
Thursday, April 7, 2011
The webinar introduces the NCAA Student-Athlete Experiences Data Archive. It covers the purpose and goals of this NCAA-funded project, the data collections currently available, and how to access them. It also previews upcoming data releases.
The URL for the webinar is http://www.icpsr.umich.edu/files/ICPSR/help/webinars/ncaa.wmv
Wednesday, April 6, 2011
Harvard, who finished poorly in the study with the second lowest percentage of Pell Grant recipients, has disputed the methodology as an appropriate measure of economic diversity.